Access to healthcare facilities: case study of Kermanshah province


avatar Satar Rezaei 1 , avatar Sadegh Ghazanfari 2 , avatar Zhila Kazemi 3 , avatar Ali Kazemi Karyani 2 , *

1 Dept. of Public Health, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Medical Informatics, School of Medical Management and Information, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Rezaei S, Ghazanfari S, Kazemi Z, Kazemi Karyani A. Access to healthcare facilities: case study of Kermanshah province. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014;18(7):e74081. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i7.1854.


Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (7); e74081
Published Online: October 29, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: June 02, 2014
Accepted: October 07, 2014


Background: Access to health care facilities and healthcare services is one of the most influential factors in the maintenance and promotion of health in society .The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the cities of Kermanshah province in terms of access to healthcare facilities.

Methods: The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional study which was performed using 16 indices of health care facilities in 2011. Numerical taxonomy technique and TPSIS method were used to determine the level of development in access to health care facilities. Also, Shannon entropy technique was used to determine the weights of healthcare indices.

Results: according to the results of numerical taxonomic technique, the Qasr-e Shirin and Salas-e Babajani towns had the highest and lowest access to health care facilities, respectively. Shannon's entropy technique introduced the number of beds per 10000 people as the most important index. According to the findings of TOPSIS technique, Qasr-e Shirin and Salas-e Babajani towns obtained the highest and lowest ranks in terms of access to health care facilities.

Conclusion: There was a gap in access to the health facilities between the towns of Kermanshah and health tesoiurces were not evenly distributed. Therefore, health resources should be distributed according to the level of development and the allocation priorities should be determined based on scientific evidence.



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